Overview of the People’s Procuracy System of Viet Nam

 

1. Organization of the People’s Procuracy

On July 26th 1960, President Ho Chi Minh signed Order No. 20-LCT to issue the Law on Organization of the People's Procuracy and this is also the date of establishment of the People's Procuracy. According to the Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam, the People's Procuracy is one pillar in the structure of the State apparatus.

The People's Procuracy of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam is vertically divided into four levels, including:

- The Supreme People’s Procuracy;

- The High-level People’s Procuracy (currently there are three high-level People’s Procuracies in Hanoi, Da Nang and Ho Chi Minh City);

- The People’s Procuracies of provinces and cities under Central authority (currently, there are 63 provincial People's Procuracies);

- People’s Procuracies of districts and cities under provincial authority ( there are 710 district People’s Procuracies in 710 districts and cities under provincial authority);

Within the system of the People's Procuracy, there are Military Procuracies at different levels, including:

- The Central Military Procuracy;

- The Zone Military Procuracies and equivalent;

- The Regional Military Procuracies.

The whole system of People’s Procuracy and Military Procuracy is under management and instruction of the Supreme People’s Procuracy, headed by the Prosecutor General.

The Prosecutor General of the Supreme People’s Procuracy shall be elected, dismissed and removed from office by the Assembly at the proposal of the State of President.

The term of office of the Prosecutor General shall coincide with the term of the National Assembly. When the term of the National Assembly expires, the Prosecutor General shall continue performing his/her duties until a new Prosecutor General is elected by the National Assembly.

Deputy Prosecutors General of the Supreme People’s Procuracy shall be appointed, dismissed or removed from office by the State of President at the proposal of the Prosecutor General of the Supreme People’s Procuracy.

Deputy Prosecutors General shall perform the duties and exercise powers as assigned or authorized by the Prosecutor General and perform other duties and powers as provided by laws; be accountable to the Prosecutor General and laws for performance of their duties and powers.

The term of office of the Deputy Prosecutor General is 05 years from the date of appointment.

2. Functions and duties of the People’s Procuracy of Vietnam

The People’s Procuracy exercise the power to prosecute and supervise in law observance judicial activities of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

The People’s Procuracy has the duties to uphold the Constitution and laws, to protect human rights, citizen’s rights, the socialist regime, legitimate rights of the State, legitimate rights and interests of entities, individuals, thus ensuring that the laws are consistently and strictly enforced.

3. Legal titles of the People’s Procuracy:

a) Chief Prosecutor, Deputy Chief Prosecutor of the People’s Procuracy and Military Procuracy at different levels;

b) Prosecutors: There are 4 ranks of prosecutors: Prosecutor of the Supreme People’s Procuracy; senior prosecutor; mid-level prosecutor and junior prosecutor.

c) Head and Deputy Head of the Investigation agency;

d) Investigators: There are 3 ranks of investigators: Senior investigator; mid-level investigator; junior investigator;

e) Prosecutor Assistant: There are 3 ranks of prosecutor assistant: Senior prosecutor assistant; mid-level prosecutor assistant and junior prosecutor assistant.

4. Leaders of the Supreme People's Procuracy

 

 

 

 

 

General

H.E.Mr. Le Minh Tri

 

 

Deputy Prosecutor General

H.E. Tran Cong Phan

Deputy Prosecutor General

H.E. Bui Manh Cuong

Deputy Prosecutor General

H.E. Nguyen Van Khanh

 

 

 

 

Deputy Prosecutor General

H.E. Nguyen Huy Tien

Deputy Prosecutor General

H.E. Nguyen Van Quang

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 

THE ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE

OF THE SUPREME PEOPLE’S PROCURACY OF THE S.R.VIETNAM

 THE SUPREME PEOPLE’S PROCURACY

 

25 DEPARTMENTS AND UNITS

OF THE SUPREME PEOPLE’S PROCURACY

 

 

DEPARTMENT OF ADMINISTRATION AND GENERAL AFFAIRS

DEPARTMENT OF INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION AND MUTUAL LEGAL ASSISTANCE IN CRIMINAL MATTERS (V13)

DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC PROSECUTIONS AND SUPERVISION OVER THE INVESTIGATION OF NATIONAL SECURITY CRIMES  (V1)

DEPARTMENT OF LEGAL AFFAIRS (V14)

DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC PROSECUTIONS AND SUPERVISION OVER THE INVESTIGATION OF PUBLIC ORDER CRIMES (V2)

PERSONNEL DEPARTMENT (V15)

DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC PROSECUTIONS AND SUPERVISION OVER THE INVESTIGATION OF ECONOMIC CRIMES (V3)

DEPARTMENT OF EMULATION AND COMMENDATION (V16)

DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC PROSECUTIONS AND SUPERVISION OVER THE INVESTIGATION OF DRUG-RELATED CRIMES (V4)

INVESTIGATION AGENCY

OF THE SUPREME PEOPLE’S PROCURACY (C1)

DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC PROSECUTIONS AND SUPERVISION OVER THE INVESTIGATION OF CORRUPTION AND POSITION - RELATED CRIMES (V5)

DEPARTMENT OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE STATISTICS AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY (C2)

DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC PROSECUTIONS AND SUPERVISION OVER THE INVESTIGATION OF CRIME OCCURRING IN JUDICIAL SECTOR, CORRUPTION AND POSITION-RELATED CRIMES IN LAW ENFORCEMENT ACTIVITIES  (V6)

DEPARTMENT OF PLANNING AND FINANCE (C3)

DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC PROSECUTIONS AND SUPERVISION OVER THE  CRIMINAL ADJUDICATION (V7)

DEPARTMENT OF INSPECTION OF THE SUPREME PEOPLE’S PROCURACY (T1)

DEPARTMENT OF SUPERVISION OVER TEMPORARY DETENTION, PRE-TRIAL DETENTION, ENFORCEMENT OF CRIMINAL JUDGMENT (V8)

UNIVERSITY FOR PROSECUTORS IN HANOI (T2)

DEPARTMENT OF SUPERVISION OVER THE HANDLING OF CIVIL, MARRIAGE AND FAMILY CASES (V9)

PROSECUTORS PROFESSIONAL TRAINING SCHOOL IN HO CHI MINH CITY (T3)

DEPARTMENT OF SUPERVISION OVER THE HANDLING OF ADMINISTRATIVE, ECONOMIC AND LABOUR CASES AND OTHER DISPUTES IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE LAW (V10)

PROCURACY MAGAZINE (T4)

DEPARTMENT OF SUPERVISION OVER THE ENFORCEMENT CIVIL JUDGMENTS (V11)

NEWSPAPER OF LAW PROTECTION (T5)

DEPARTMENT OF SUPERVISION AND HANDLING OF COMPLAINTS AND CRIME REPORT IN JUDICIAL SECTOR (V12)

 

5. Badge of the People's Procuracy


LOGO OF THE PEOPLE’S PROCURACY(SPP)

 

                                   

BADGE FOR LEGAL TITLE                                                                       BADGE FOR OTHER TITLE

 

 

SHOULDER STRIPE FOR LEGAL TITLES

 

PROSECUTOR GENERAL

OF THE SUPREME PEOPLE’S PROCURACY

 

DEPUTY PROSECUTOR GENERAL

OF THE SUPREME PEOPLE’S PROCURACY

 

CHIEF PROSECUTOR OF THE HIGH PEOPLE'S PROCURACY/

PROSECUTOR OF THE SUPREME PEOPLE’S PROCURACY

 

DEPUTY CHIEF PROSECUTOR OF THE HIGH PEOPLE’S PROCURACY/

SENIOR PROSECUTOR/ SENIOR INVESTIGATOR 

 

CHIEF PROSECUTOR, DEPUTY CHIEF PROSECUTOR OF THE PEOPLE’S PROCURACY OF PROVINCE/

SENIOR PROSECUTOR ASSSITANT

 

MID-LEVEL PROSECUTOR, MID-LEVEL INVESTIGATOR /

CHIEF PROSECUTOR OF PEOPLE’S PROCURACY OF DISTRICT

 

DEPUTY CHIEF PROSECUTOR OF PEOPLE’S PROCURACY OF DISTRICT/

MID-LEVEL PROSECUTOR ASSISTANT

 

JUNIOR PROSECUTOR OR JUNIOR INVESTIGATOR

 

PROSECUTOR ASSISTANT 

 

 

 

SHOULDER STRIPE FOR OTHER TITLES

 

DIRECTOR, DEPUTY DIRECTOR OF A DEPARTMENT UNDER THE SPP ( NOT FOR LEGAL TITLE)/

SENIOR SPECIALIST AND EQUIVALENT

 

MID-LEVEL SPECIALIST AND EQUIVALENT

 

JUNIOR SPECIALIST AND EQUIVALENT

 

EXPERT AND EQUIVALENT

 

EMPLOYEE AND EQUIVALENT